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I. Introduction energy can provide a host of significant benefits <br /> to a community. Some of these include: <br /> The Georgia Wind Working Group, formed in • Addition of a clean, quiet, renewable, and <br /> 2005, has over 60 active members representing locally available resource to the local energy <br /> utility companies, wind developers, government supply,' which reduces pressure on local <br /> agencies, universities, and other stakeholders.' energy grid, increases local energy <br /> Its aim is to educate Georgia's citizens and independence, and diversifies the energy <br /> communities about the benefits and impacts of supply.8 <br /> wind as a contributor to the satisfaction of • An economic boost in the form of local jobs <br /> Georgia's energy needs. To further this goal, the and increased tax revenue, especially for <br /> Georgia Wind Working Group has drafted a rural areas in need of new industry.9 <br /> Model Wind Ordinance, a document intended to • Eligibility for federal grants and state tax <br /> aid Georgia's local governments in adopting incentives for clean energy property.10 <br /> their own ordinances to promote responsible • Individual advantages such as personal <br /> development of wind energy installed by energy independence and increased property <br /> individuals2, government agencies, and values.11 <br /> businesses in their communities.3 <br /> Georgia's wind potential varies greatly, with <br /> The purpose of this guidebook is to provide stronger winds found along mountain ridges, and <br /> local governments a starting place and the in coastal regions.12 Even areas of lower wind <br /> information necessary to craft an effective wind potential,however,may support residential scale <br /> ordinance for their municipality.4 Recognizing wind power generators.13 Determining a <br /> that each municipality in Georgia is unique, this municipality's wind potential is important for <br /> guidebook explains the provisions of the Model deciding how comprehensive its wind ordinance <br /> Wind Ordinance and then suggests ways to tailor needs to be. Wind maps are a good starting place <br /> those provisions to a particular municipality's for determining an area's wind potential.14 <br /> needs and desires. Using the Model Wind Small residential wind turbine installations <br /> Ordinance and the Georgia Wind Working generally present fewer regulatory issues than <br /> Group's Guidebook to Wind Development,5 larger utility-scale wind projects although siting <br /> local officials will have the tools to craft an in an area that is more densely populated may <br /> effective wind ordinance. This will allow for require more interaction and communication <br /> responsible development of wind energy and the with neighbors (both residential and business) to <br /> economic and environmental benefits that come ensure goodwill.15 <br /> with it. <br /> Why Enact a Wind Ordinance? <br /> Wind Energy in Georgia <br /> Wind is harnessed as an energy source through <br /> wind turbines that produce electricity.6 Wind 'Id.;see also GWWG Wind Development Guidebook,supra note 1. <br /> 8 American Wind Energy Association,In the Public Interest:How <br /> and Why to Permit for Small Wind Systems 4-5(2008)available at <br /> Georgia Wind Working Group,A Guidebook to Wind http://www.awea.org/smallwind/pdf/InThePublicInterest.pdf <br /> Development in Georgia(2009),available at [hereinafter AWEA Guidebook]. <br /> http://gawwg.org/images/UpdatedGuidebook November_2009.p 9 See GWWG Wind Development Guidebook,supra note 1. <br /> df[hereinafter GWWG Wind Development Guidebook]. '4 Id. <br /> 2 See infra notes 22-29 and accompanying text. 11 See AWEA Guidebook,supra note 8,at 5. <br /> 3 Wind Working Group,Model Wind Ordinance(2009),available 12 Id. <br /> at http://gawwg.org/images/Final-GA Model_Wind_Ordinance_9- 13 Id. <br /> 22-09.pdf[hereinafter Model Wind Ordinance]. 14 See,e.g.,AWS TrueWind,Georgia Wind Resource Map, <br /> 4 Although"municipality"usually connotes towns and cities,this http://gawwg.org/resources/georgiawindresourcemap.html;Nat'l <br /> guidebook uses the term to mean any political subdivision in the Renewable Energy Lab.,Georgia Wind Map and Resource <br /> state of Georgia with the authority to draft a wind ordinance, Potential, <br /> including cities,towns,and counties. http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/wind_resource_maps.asp?st <br /> 5 GWWG Wind Development Guidebook,supra note 1. ateab=ga. <br /> 6 Wind Working Group,Wind Energy in Georgia(2009),available 15 Discussion with Mary H.Hunt,Director,Special Projects, <br /> at http://gawwg.org/images/GAWWG_Final_Fact_Sheet_11-6- Strategic Energy Institute,Georgia Institute of Technology, <br /> 06.pdf. February 10,2010. <br /> 2 <br />